Cervical cancer is a type of cancer that occurs in the cells of the cervix, the lower part of the uterus that connects to the vagina. Various strains of the human papillomavirus (HPV), a sexually transmitted infection, play a role in causing most cervical cancer.
Cervical cancer is caused by severe abnormal changes in the cells of the cervix. Most precancerous or cancerous cell changes occur in the cervix at the transformation zone, because these cells normally undergo constant change. During this natural process of change, some cervical cells can become abnormal if you are infected with high-risk types of HPV.
There are some factors that are known to increase the risk of developing cervical cancer. There are some factors that are known to increase the risk of developing cervical cancer.
These factors include:
●HPV (human papillomavirus) – a sexually transmitted virus. There are more than 100 different types of HPVs, at least 13 of which can cause cervical cancer.
●Many sexual partners or becoming sexually active early – cervical cancer-causing HPV types are nearly always transmitted as a result of sexual contact with an infected individual. Women who have had many sexual partners generally have a higher risk of becoming infected with HPV, which raises their risk of developing cervical cancer.
●Smoking – increases the risk of developing many cancers, including cervical cancer.
●A weakened immune system – such as in people with AIDS, or transplant recipients taking immunosuppressive medications.
●Long–term mental stress – women who experience high levels of stress over a sustained period may be less able to fight off HPV. A study from the American Academy of Pediatrics in 2016 supported this.
Principal investigator Dr. Anna-Barbara Moscicki said: “Women who reported self-destructive coping strategies, like drinking, smoking cigarettes or taking drugs when stressed, were more likely to develop an active HPV infection.”
●Giving birth at a very young age – women who give birth before the age of 17 are significantly more likely to develop cervical cancer compared with women who have their first baby after the age of 25.
● Several pregnancies – women who have had at least three children in separate pregnancies are more likely to develop cervical cancer compared to women who have never had children.
●Contraceptive pill – long-term use of some common contraceptive pills slightly raises a woman’s risk.
●Other sexually transmitted diseases (STD) – women who become infected with chlamydia, gonorrhea, or syphilis have a higher risk of developing cervical cancer.
●Socio–economic status – studies in several countries have revealed that women in deprived areas have significantly higher rates of cervical cancer.
CERVICAL CANCER SYMPTOMS
In the early stages of cervical cancer, a person may experience no symptoms at all. As a result, women
should have regular cervical smear tests.
The most common symptoms of cervical cancer are:
•bleeding between periods
•bleeding after sexual intercourse
•bleeding in post-menopausal women
•discomfort during sexual intercourse
•smelly vaginal discharge
•vaginal discharge tinged with blood
HOW IS CERVICAL CANCER DIAGNOSED
As part of your regular pelvic exam, you should have a Pap test. During a Pap test, the doctor scrapes a small sample of cells from the surface of the cervix to look for cell changes. If a Pap test shows abnormal cell changes, your doctor may do other tests to look for precancerous or cancer cells on your cervix.
Your doctor may also do a Pap test and take a sample of tissue (biopsy) if you have symptoms of cervical cancer, such as bleeding after sex.
WHAT HAPPENS AFTER SOMEONE IS DIAGNOSED WITH CERVICAL CANCER
Cervical cancer happens when abnormal cells on the cervix grow out of control.
Cervical cancer can often be successfully treated when it’s found early. It is usually found at a very early stage through a pap test.
If cervical cancer isn’t treated, it may spread from the cervix to the vagina, and then into deeper tissue layers of connective tissue around the uterus. As it progresses, it may spread to the pelvic lymph nodes and other pelvic organs. Advanced-stage cancer may spread to lymph nodes; to other organs in the pelvis, causing problems with kidney and bowel function; or to other organs in the body, such as the liver and lungs.
Treatment of cervical cancer depends on the stage of your cancer and if it has spread worldwide, cervical cancer is both the fourth most common cause of cancer and the fourth most common cause of death from cancer in women. About 70% of cervical cancers occur in developing countries. In low-income countries, it is the most common cause of cancer death. In developed countries, the widespread use of cervical screening programs has dramatically reduced rates of cervical cancer.
This write up is not and should not be for the eyes of women alone! guys, tell your mother, sister or female friend! Tell a male friend too, to tell any female friend that he knows too!! Visit http://www.medicalnewstoday.com and Wikipedia to get more information on cervical cancer.
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